Atopic Dermatitis or eczema as it
is commonly known as occurs most often in infants and children.
About 90% of the time the symptoms show up before the age of 5.
The cause of this disorder is still
unknown but from all the research that has been done physicians
have come to the conclusion that it is a combination of factors.
HEREDITY or genetic factor is one of the main predisposing causes.
If there is a family history of eczema, asthma or any other allergic
condition then the child is more prone to inherit this disorder.
The other factor is ENVIRONMENTAL. Things like FOOD, SOAP, CREAMS
can cause flare ups. That is why it is extremely important to avoid
certain things in the child's diet and care.
Here are a few features of
- Intense ITCHING
- Presence of typical rashes over
the body especially on the cheeks, in the folds of the skin, behind
the knees, in side the elbows, sides of the neck, wrists, ankles
- DRY, SCALING, ROUGH skin
- CRACKS behind the ears and other
parts which may even bleed due to scratching
- Early onset of symptoms
FOODS THAT SHOULD BE AVOIDED
- MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCTS -
in a great number of cases the child suffering from Eczema is
highly allergic to MILK. It causes flare ups and increases the
itching, redness, and all the symptoms. Curd, paneer, cheese,
lassi, ghee, ice-cream, chocolates, etc, should not be given to
- NUTS - these are known
to cause allergies in most of the cases. Do not give your child
any peanuts (sing), grams (Channa), Besan (Channa Atta), almonds
(badam), Cashew nut (kaju), Pista, Walnut etc.
- SHELLFISH - certain people
are highly allergic to prawns, crab, lobster, and some types of
- EGGS - not all children
are allergic but this has to be tried out and tested. If there
is no reaction to egg then it can be safely consumed.
- ARTIFICIALLY COLOURED AND
FLAVOVORED FOODS- this includes tomato ketchup, jelly, jams,
fruit juices, cold drinks, certain masalas, packet and tin food,
- FRUITS- there are certain
fruits which cause a lot of allergies like strawberries, pine-apple,
all the citrus fruits like oranges, mosambi, grapes etc
- CHINESE FOOD- all the
chinese restaurants in this city use a substance known as AJINOMOTO.
This is known to cause severe allergies and must be totally avoided.
- PLANTS, GRASS, PETS,
POWDERS, COSMETICS, POLLUTION IN THE ENVIRONMENT- all these
factors can also trigger a flare up in the skin.
TREATMENT AND SKINCARE
- SOAP- the best soap to use is
one that is non-perfumed and glycerine base. In the market soaps
like PEARS or Cinthol are preferred. But use minimum soap as even
these have chemicals.
- KEEP THE SKIN MOIST AND HYDRATED- this can be achieved by using a non-perfumed moisturizer or just
plain petroleum jelly. Immediately after a bath when the body is
still moist apply the moisturizer with a little water. This helps
in trapping the moisture in the skin and preventing it from drying
DO NOT RUB THE
SKIN DRY AFTER A BATH, JUST PAT IT DRY LIGHTLY.
ARE BEST- make your child wear only cotton clothes especially
under garments. Avoid wool, synthetic materials and rough fibers
these will only increase the itching.
is the treatment of choice for this Atopic condition as it helps
to heal the skin from within. No external applications can bring
about a complete cure. The correct constitutional remedy boosts
the patients own immunity to fight against this disorder and
prevent flare ups. Along with the Homoeopathic treatment it is
extremely essential to take care of all the things listed above.